A Model for Control of Steady State of Intelligent Integrated Energy System
Modern cities and industrial centers boast a developed energy infrastructure, including fuel, electric, heating, and cooling systems. The integration of many separate systems into a single technological entity can provide new functional capabilities, the application of more advanced technologies for operation, and the establishment of intelligent integrated energy systems (IIES). Such systems have a multidimensional structure of functional features and properties of development. They combine a large number of components; intelligence; efficiency; reliability; controllability; flexible use of energy conversion, transportation, and storage technologies; and active demand. The IIES control represents an urgent and a rather challenging task. The paper is concerned with a model for control of a steady state of an intelligent integrated energy system. An algorithm intended for the calculation of joint operating conditions of electric and heating systems when integrated is presented. The results of the research into the joint operation of electric and heating systems are demonstrated on the example of a typical urban area with residential housing that has district electric and heating systems. The obtained results highlight the problems related to separate consideration of expansion and operation of the energy systems, as well as equipment wear and the need to improve the technological and technical level of these systems and use them as a basis for an intelligent integrated energy system
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