Non-Isothermal Kinetic Model of the Methane Hydrate Dissociation Process at Temperatures Below Ice Melting Point


  • Igor Donskoy Melentiev Energy Systems Institute Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia
  • Sergey Ya. Misyura Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences


natural gas, gas hydrates, dissociation, kinetics, heat and mass transfer, numerical modeling


The paper proposes a new model of gas hydrate particles dissociation at high heat fluxes. In this model, the process of hydrate decomposition occurs under the conditions of competition between heterogeneous kinetics and gas filtration. An analysis of the experimental data gives new values ​​of the kinetic coefficients for the hydrate dissociation at low temperatures. The calculation results make it possible to reproduce experimental data on the dynamics of methane hydrate powder dissociation (including dissociation under the conditions of gas burning above the surface) and to describe the phenomenon of self-conservation in terms of changes in the pore structure of the ice crust. The submodel of dissociation of a single particle is embedded in the mathematical model of transport processes in the powder layer, which allows analyzing the heterogeneity of heating and the collective effects of dissociation.