A Methodology to Calculate the Supply and Demand Balance by Region for Vietnam's Energy Systems
Keywords:supply-demand balance, energy system development, fuel-energy, mining, energy efficiency, demand balance
The energy supply and demand balance is one of the important issues to address when proposing options for energy system development. Currently, several tools are utilized for calculating the supply and demand balance for Vietnam's energy systems. These tools are instrumental in developing the national energy system. However, most of them treat the national energy system as a unified whole, with no specific focus on regional energy supply and demand balances. This paper presents a methodology to calculate the supply and demand balance for Vietnam's energy systems by region, with the practical application of Corrective Module1, a piece of software which is a result of the joint research and development effort by the Institute of Energy Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) and the Melentiev Energy Systems Institute, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The findings of this study demonstrate that the energy system supply and demand balance calculated by region is the scientific basis for researchers, managers, and policymakers to get a clear vision of possible energy system development at the national and regional scale and to provide directions and policies that are consistent with the conditions of each region and the country. This approach is appropriate for Vietnam's geographical conditions, infrastructure, energy resources, load distribution, and policy framework.