Electricity Cooperation Between Russia and Mongolia: From Bilateral Collaboration to Participation in the Northeast Asia Power System Interconnection


  • Sergei Podkovalnikov Melentiev Energy Systems Institute, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russia


Electricity cooperation, cross-border interconnectors and power system interconnections, electric power, capacity, agreements, expansion prospects


The paper discusses the development of electricity cooperation between Russia and Mongolia. Historically, bilateral Russian-Mongolian electricity cooperation has developed along two lines. As part of the first direction, Russia designed and supplied equipment, built, and provided loans for the construction and reconstruction of electric power facilities in Mongolia. The second direction involved cross-border trade in electricity and power. To arrange bilateral electricity cooperation, the necessary regulatory framework was established in the form of cooperation agreements between government agencies and energy companies of Russia and Mongolia. The Russian-Mongolian Intergovernmental Commission acts as a kind of catalyst for the signing of these agreements and ensures contacts between the interacting parties. In the future, with the establishment of the cross-border power system interconnection in Northeast Asia and the creation of new cross-border power grid infrastructure, bilateral Russian-Mongolian contacts will be taken to the next level and grow into multilateral regional electricity cooperation within the framework of the said power interconnection. According to the optimization calculations performed in this research, the role of Mongolia as a supplier of renewable energy to the regional cross-border electricity market will increase, and electricity trading between Mongolia and Russia, Mongolia and China, and Russia and China (through Mongolia) will be dramatically strengthened for the mutual benefit of all countries within the cross-border power system interconnection.