Ignition of cold, dusty-air fuel by means of an electric ignition system
Keywords:coal-fired generation, experiment, principle of operation, electric ignition, ignition, oil-free ignition, ecology, efficiency, economy, experience, lignite, hard coal, low-grade fuel
Coal-fired generation has long been, and still is, one of the leaders in global electricity generation. The high share of coal-fired generation in the global energy mix is achieved due to the known advantages of this fuel, including high availability of reserves, relative ease of extraction, and the ability to organise reserves at plants to organise reliable equipment operation even in the event of fuel supply interruptions. Coal combustion in modern industry requires the development of modern start-up systems for coal-fired boiler units without the use of fuel oil. Fuel oil is used for starting up boilers and maintaining the flame during transient operation or at low boiler loads. At the same time the use of fuel oil has a number of disadvantages, both technical and environmental. The greatest challenge in developing high-frequency ignition systems is to understand the chemical kinetics processes for the plasma chemical reaction of fuel mixture ignition. This paper presents experimental and industrial studies of the application of an electric ignition system for coal fuel based on a high-frequency power source. Experimental studies were carried out on a laboratory bench with a thermal capacity of 5 MW. Industrial tests were carried out at the operating enterprises of the power sector of the Russian Federation. Samples of fuel were lignite and hard coal of different thermal-technical composition. The principle of impact of this system on fuel ignition has been proposed.
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