Principles of Constructing Artificial Intelligence Systems and their Application in Electrical Power Industry
Keywords:artificial intelligence systems, expert systems, neural networks, hierarchical structure of the brain, neurocybernetics, monitoring the state of electrical equipment, operational dispatch control of power grids, emergency situations, automated dispatch control systems (ASDU)
The paper considers two historically established directions of building artificial intelligence systems: expert systems and neural networks. The consideration is given to parallels and analogies between the work of neural networks and the work of the human brain, the hierarchical structure of the brain, the history of the neurocybernetics development, and the theoretical foundations of neural networks.
Models of reasoning of specialists are used in expert systems based on production rules (expressions of the form “if ..., then”). The main semantic elements in neural networks are models of neurons and layers of neurons (input, output, intermediate). Large amounts of data are associated with neuron models (the so-called “big data”).
The paper gives examples of using neural networks and artificial intelligence systems in the electric power industry for the electrical equipment state monitoring, operational dispatch control of electrical networks, for the analysis of emergencies, and intelligent functions of automated dispatch control systems (ADCS).
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